Tuesday, September 29, 2009

Aids Attack Productive Age

The number of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV /AIDS) cases in Denpasar until now recorded 1284 cases from 2829 cases in Bali.

"From the amount of about 48 percent cases in Denpasar, 51.63 percent of those are the productive age population," said the chairman of the National AIDS Commission (NAC) of Denpasar City, I Gusti Ngurah States on Tuesday.

At the opening of tutors training student care of AIDS groups, he said, a disease that attacks the immune system should be known early on by teens, so they can anticipate avoiding contagion.

"HIV is very difficult to detect and just can be known through a blood test that is often described as an iceberg phenomenon. This is certainly very worried and demanding attention and serious concern of all parties," he said.

He said, the movement of HIV and AIDS in Indonesia today has changed from low epidemic concentration to epidemic concentration. While the patient at the age of range 15-49 years.

"To overcome these condition, government efforts have been made that increasing the role of small student groups regardless of AIDS and Drugs (KSPAN)," he said.

Ni Wayan Purnasih, the chairman of committee's activities said the purpose of this training is provide the same understanding about the dangers of HIV and AIDS. So that students will be expected to be able to explain to the environment and at the same time understand the dangers of HIV and AIDS.

"The training was attended by 82 people comprising of 38 students of high schools and vocational secondary schools (SMA/SMK) and 44 junior high school school (SMP) in Denpasar," said Purnasih.

While in Indonesia HIV and AIDS cases cumulative from January 1987 until March 31, 2009 consisted of 6668 HIV cases, 16,964 AIDS cases. So that the total reached 23,632 cases, with the 3492 mortality.

The number of cumulative AIDS cases according to risk, among them are reaching 8210 heterosexual, and homosexual reach 628 peoples, injecting drug users reached 7125 peoples.

Then prenatal transmission or pregnant mothers who transmitted to baby reaches 390, and did not know why reach 611 cases. The cumulative proportion of AIDS cases by the age group among them, under one year about age 135, ages one to four years about 175, ages five to fourteen years about 88. While the age of 30 to 39 years reach to 4997, aged 40 to 49 years reach to 1427, aged 50 to 59 years reach to 404, age above 60 years reach to 91, and unknown age patient reaches about 558 cases.

Most AIDS cases come from West Java region with 3162 cases, DKI Jakarta in 2807 cases, East Java with the 2652, Papua reach to 2499, and 1263 cases in Bali.

Wednesday, September 16, 2009

Diet for Gout

For people with uric acid, dietary pattern to be followed is to provide calories your body needs. While carbohydrates should be from complex carbohydrate like rice, cassava, sweet potatoes and bread. Avoid simple carbohydrates such as sugar, syrup or candy. Fructose in a simple carbohydrate can increase serum uric acid levels.

Patients with uric acid to low protein diet because the protein can increase uric acid, especially animal protein. Given 50-70 g of protein per day. Meanwhile, the recommended protein source is a source of vegetable protein and protein derived from milk, cheese and eggs.

It is highly recommended to limit consumption of fat. Fat may inhibit excretion of uric acid through the urine. Limit fried foods, use of margarine, butter and coconut milk. Threshold be consumed fat is 15% of total calories / day.

And also advised to drink plenty of water, at least 2.5-liter / day. High fluid intake can help remove uric acid through the urine. Like an alcohol, tape and Brem food should be shunned. Foodstuffs contain alcohol can increase the lactic acid plasma, which acid can inhibit the expenditure of uric acid in the body through urine.

There are three types of foods for gout diet, namely high food purine food, medium purine food content and low purine food content.
  • High purine (150-1000 mg/100 g food)
    Anchovy, brains, intestinal meat, meat geese, pigeons, fish eggs, broth, sardine, alcohol, yeast and preserved foods
  • Medium (50-100 mg/100 g food)
    Raw food should be limited to 50 g / day. Sword fish, mackerel, bawal fish, beef, chicken, shellfish, gurameh fish, asparagus, beans, mushrooms, spinach, cauliflower, green beans, peas, tofu, tempe.
  • Low purine (0-100 mg/100 g food)
    Rice, bread, macaroni, noodles, crackers, milk, cheese, eggs, vegetables and fruits except durian and avocado.
So for the colleagues whose have the similar problem immediately go to the doctor and soon change your diet.

Tuesday, September 8, 2009

How to Lower Colesterol

Wrinkles are more obvious on the face may be one sign that you are getting older. But to find out your cholesterol level increase can not recognize by the physical appearance.

Although high cholesterol is often a consequence of ageing. But the ups and downs of cholesterol contain do not know you were old or young. In this age, adolescents may also experience serious health risks due to soaring cholesterol. A number of severe diseases such as heart disease, stroke is now not just attack the elderly, but also young people.

Fortunately, to avoid the worst effects of cholesterol there are many things that can be done. Healthy and disciplined life is the principle and the main capital in order to prevent the threat of cholesterol, but health experts say there are some steps you can take to reduce and control high cholesterol.
  1. Eat right and proper. From now on, reduce intake of saturated fat and cholesterol. Avoid foods such as fried or offal. Clumps of fat (fatty streak) will make cholesterol levels rise.
  2. Diligent exercises. Research shows that physical activity done regularly can reduce the risk of heart disease by 50%, lower blood pressure, lower total cholesterol levels while raising HDL (good cholesterol) which helps remove LDL (bad cholesterol) from your arteries.
  3. Lose weight. Excess weight or obese tend to cause high content of triglycerides (a kind of fat) high, while levels of HDL (good cholesterol) tend to be low.
  4. Check your blood pressure regularly. Keeping your blood pressure. Ideally 120/80. High blood pressure indicates the occurrence of cholesterol that builds up in layers in the arteries.
  5. Stop smoking. Cigarettes can encourage the formation of fatty buildup in artery walls (atherosclerosis) and narrow the arteries and blood flow block.
  6. Medication from a doctor. If your hard work as exercise, diet and weight loss programs fail to lower cholesterol, your doctor will give you drugs lowering cholesterol. Treatment can be the first choice for people who have risk factors other diseases such as heart disease or diabetes. There are a variety of prescription drugs such as statins, niacin or ezetimibe.